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VACCINATION
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Q1
Why do baby animals need a series of vaccines?

When a kitten or puppy is born, its immune system is not fully mature and they are vulnerable to infection. Fortunately, nature has a system of protection. The babies' mother produces special milk in the first few days called "colostrum", which is rich in all the antibodies that the mother has to offer.

We DO know that by 16-20 weeks of age, maternal antibodies are gone and the baby is then dependent on its own immune system.

Q2
When and how many vaccinations do baby animals need?

How long this maternal antibody will last in any given baby is totally dependent on the individual. While maternal immunity is present in the puppy's (or kitten's) system, any vaccines given Puppies and kittens receive a series of vaccines ending at a time when we know the baby's own immune system should be able to respond.

Q3
Should I vaccinate my pet annually?

In dogs and cats who have access to outdoors or who live in high risk areas, annual vaccination is necessary to maintain protection.

Q4
What vaccines do pets need if they live indoors?

Cats:

The basic flu/enteritis shot (FVRCP) is important for all cats. For your indoor or flat bound cats, you may choose to give a vaccine every three years. It is important to remember if you are planning to introduce another cat or kitten, travel or visit boarding catteries, this will need to be boostered within that three years. Free roaming cats need to be vaccinated yearly.

The feline leukemia vaccine is recommended if there is a real chance that an owner will bring home a new kitten or if your cat can roam.

Dogs:

The basic flu/enteritis shot (FVRCP) is important for all cats. For your indoor or flat bound cats, you may choose to give a vaccine every three years. It is important to remember if you are planning to introduce another cat or kitten, travel or visit boarding catteries, this will need to be boostered within that three years. Free roaming cats need to be vaccinated yearly.

The feline leukemia vaccine is recommended if there is a real chance that an owner will bring home a new kitten or if your cat can roam.